Uncategorized

3 things investors can learn about risk from the U.S. Army

close

Email a Friend

Major Hugh Jones is a professor of finance and economics at the United States Military Academy and has had two tours of duty in Iraq. He also has an MBA from Duke.

He spoke last year at the CARE conference (Center for Accounting Research and Education conference) about how the U.S. Army deals with high-stakes risk. The video below is his presentation at CARE (thanks to Professor Darren Roulstone for bubbling up  his speech!).

You can get slides of Major Jones’ presentation here [.pdf].

Here’s what investors can learn from how the U.S. Army deals with risk.

The US Army’s Risk Mitigation program

Defining risk

The U.S. Army separates the definition of risk from uncertainty (like we did in last week’s post on defining investment risk).

  • Risk: known hazards (things we can identify that can cause harm)
  • Uncertainty: unknown hazards (anything unpredictable and ambiguous that can arise from complex systems.)

Managing risk

How does the army deal with managing a road that is the most heavily laden with explosives in the World?

The Army has a feedback loop to handle managing its risks that involved an unending process to identify all known hazards, assess them, and then develop tools and procedures to control for these pitfalls.

Putting risk management into practice

The army uses two types of solutions to manage risk and uncertainty:

  1. information-based solutions: collect more and better data
    1. for this to work, need superior information
    2. need a system to disseminate right info to the right person, continuously pushing and pulling information
    3. facilitates collaborative planning
    4. Needs massive storage to house all virtual and physical infromation
  2. action-focused solutions: building risk-management organizations

Forecasting the future: using information solutions

When the Army goes into battle, it draws up two plans: the most likely scenario and the worst-case scenario.

These aren’t static scenarios — they are always changing based upon new assessments from the field. The army uses what it calls, Red Teams — to provide an independent capability to challenge plans in the context of what’s happening.

Action-focused solutions

These solutions admit that there will always be some uncertainty — it’s unavoidable. So the organizations must deal with knowing that they don’t always know.

So, to move forward in a risk-aware environment, the Army has developed mission command: a hierarchy of decision making that empowers people closest to the ground to make knowledgable decisions instead of going through an onerous decision making process.

Mission command sacrifices direct control for initiative and action.

What investors can learn from the army

So, what’s the point here? Here’s what investors can take away from how the Army manages risk and uncertainty.

  1. need different types of solutions: investors need a plan of action that proactively deals with risk but simultaneously, continues to assess the information landscape out there, updating with new known information. Investor frequently suffer from paralysis from analysis — there’s just too much info 24/7. So we need action, too.
  2. admit that we can’t know everything: the Army’s action plan — at its core — admits it needs to move forward without understanding every eventuality. That’s OK — and it’s developed a proactive chain of command to help all its participants to make the best decisions they can, when they can.
  3. red teams = investment teams: I like the concept of specific teams to help bubble up fresh, contrarian ideas to challenge the status quo thinking. Having people whose responsibility it is to broaden everyone’s understanding is super  valuable. It’s like an internal consultant and oversight body, yet challenges groupthink.
Whether you’re an individual investor managing your IRA or a portfolio manager running billions of dollars, you need a system to manage risk.
That’s your fiscal responsibility — just setting and forgetting your investments is a ploy by the financial industry to get you out of the game. You can continuously monitor things without making daily/weekly/monthly changes to your portfolio.  But you should have a system.
Entering an era of risk-aware portfolios
Look at all the investors who got caught with their pants down when the markets tanked in 2008. I think we’re going to be entering a new era of risk-aware portfolio management. Where investors use some quantitative or timing mechanism (Tactical Asset Allocation) to help them deal with risk. The tools and research are being developed as we speak.
We just need a real plan to deal with investment risk. It’s time we stop BS’ing and act more responsibly.
What are your takeaways from this presentation?

Watch the full presentation

0 comments on “3 things investors can learn about risk from the U.S. Army”

Events, Uncategorized

New speakers announced for Tearsheet’s Resilience Conference

  • The Resilience Conference will celebrate the people, teams and companies successfully navigating through this crisis.
  • 3 new speakers have just been announced.
Tearsheet Editors | June 25, 2020
The Customer Effect, Uncategorized

Inside Yielders, the UK’s first regulatory compliant Islamic crowdfunding platform

  • Yielders, an equity-based crowdfunding platform for real estate, is the first Shariah-compliant financial technology company to get regulatory approval in the U.K.
  • The platform's user base is 35 percent non-Muslim, some of whom may be attracted to the ethical investing principles.
Suman Bhattacharyya | May 18, 2017
Sponsored, Uncategorized

FinTech is changing your life, and you don’t even know it

Brandeis University | May 01, 2017
Uncategorized

FinTech Week: By the numbers

  • Empire Startups' inaugural FinTech Week begins today in New York
  • In preparation for 25 forthcoming events over four days, here's a breakdown by the numbers.
Tanaya Macheel | April 24, 2017
Uncategorized

Hi 5! The top five fintech stories we’re following today

  • Retailers may be looking into the future as opposed to implementing for today.
  • Banks are working to get more people comfortable using mobile apps.
Zack Miller | February 06, 2017
More Articles