The size of the opportunity
We're gearing up for some really interesting activity in the IPO market in 2010. To put things in perspective, in 2010, IPOs returned 72% more money than the companies that exited in 2009 (although at $40B, that's still about 40% less than peak levels in 2007).
According to Sarah Lacy's recent article in TechCrunch, Exits Lag in the 4th Quarter, but IPO Hype Boils for 2011:
There is a lot of hype swirling that 2011 is going to be the big comeback year for the venture-backed IPO. And we’re talking about big, gaudy IPOs, not small ones that essentially function as another funding round. And interestingly, pundits and investors expect some new $1 billion companies to debut in both cleantech and Internet sectors.
Private Equity also benefits from IPO window
Venture backed firms -- those started from scratch and basically birthed into existence for large splashy IPOs -- aren't the only ones benefiting from the opening of the IPO window for increased investor demand in new offerings. Companies that received funding/buyouts from private equity firms are also gearing up for an exciting 2011.
The past year has seen an modest uptick in offerings of companies backed by buyout firms – 37 in total, more than the two previous years combined
Big firms like HCA, TXU, and Harrah's Entertainment are poised, waiting for the right opening to go public and make their PE-backed investors richer.
It's not all clear sailing for a couple of reasons
- time and money to exit: In spite of the rah-rah of VCs saying how easy and quick it is for companies to prosper in the social media era, the inverse is actually true -- successful companies may require more money and time to prepare for public markets. According to TechCrunch's Lacy, "The venture-backed economy is rapidly becoming polarized between quick flips or a long, hard-fought slogs even for the hottest companies."
- fuzzy pricing for private firms: Investors in pre-public firms frequently talk their books, inflating performance and valuation of their portfolio companies. Without a public mechanism to discover pricing, it's hard to line up institutional investors for a large offering. The NYT has an article today about energy company, TXU and how pricing analysis by KKR and TPG has differed wildly.
- rise of secondary markets: Companies like SharesPost have provided necessarily outlets for founders and investors to cash out. With the ability to take some money off the table and enrich themselves, certain companies would rather persist as private firms without the necessary headaches and scrutiny of running publicly-traded firms. Xpert Financial, recently launched, will play into this dynamic as well. It's possible that Facebook doesn't go public for a loooong time.
Performance into 2011While total IPO numbers still haven't returned to 2007 levels in the US, performance is best since 2006, as average IPO rose by 23% this year. Renaissance Capital is predicting a big year in small cap tech, consumer, and health care sectors. Given last year's result and if we see continued momentum, Asia Pac and Latin America look poised to not only float more new firms but good firms, with nice sized returns. And this makes sense. Many of the hottest Internet firms continue to find willing and able investors in the venture capital world (and out, as witnessed by Goldman's interest in Facebook). Other firms that have spent the past few years developing great products and even more interesting business models will tap the markets because they're ready to grow into being real firms.
A Portfolio's Price (NY Times)
DowJones data on 2010 transactions (DowJones)
Why Facebook won't go public (Felix Salmon/Reuters)
2010: The Year in IPO Dealflow and Performance (The Reformed Broker)